We offer the widest product range of low-flow (mass) flow meters and controllers on the market. Numerous styles of both standard and bespoke instruments can be offered for applications in laboratory, machinery, industry and hazardous areas.
Customer satisfaction, innovation and quality of product and service have been the cornerstones of Bronkhorst's success. Based on our experience, innovation and sense of responsibility, a relationship with Bronkhorst assures Performance for Life.
Bronkhorst instruments are used for numerous applications in many different markets. In this section you will find an overview of the main markets for our equipment, illustrated with some typical examples of applications.
Are you looking for technical documentation, are you interested to learn more about the measuring principles of Bronkhorst products, or you do want to get in contact with a Bronkhorst Service Engineer? This section will guide you to the relevant service & support topics.
Bronkhorst UK is leader in Mass Flow Meter / Mass Flow Controller technology for gases and liquids, Pressure Controllers and Evaporation Systems.
Since the Corona pandemic led to restrictions on our movements and activities, walking has become a good alternative for a lot of people to get some fresh air and exercise, myself included.
In the beginning I enjoyed my walks to the fullest, as the Spring just began. Now the weather is changing which makes it less appealing to go for a walk.
Luckily water-repellent clothing and or raincoats exist ;)
What interests me is how this type of clothing is manufactured, how does a fabric become waterproof or water-repellent and yet breathable? In other words, what is responsible for this anti-wetting behaviour? An answer to this question is hydrophobic coating.
In today’s blog I would like to share a successful application with you about hydrophobic coating using a Controlled Evaporation and Mixing system (CEM).
Waterproof yet breathable clothing prevents rainwater drops from penetrating the fabric, and at the same time allows perspiration vapour to pass – a very desirable feature for sportswear. How can you make fabrics and textiles hydrophobic or add other functionalities to them without affecting the bulk properties of their fibers?
The Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, Empa, is a research institute of the ETH Domain and devoted to materials science and technology development. They investigate and apply plasma polymerisation to deposit thin, nanoscale layers on top of fabrics and fibers, in order to functionalise their surface - and more specific: to make them water-repellent.
A Bronkhorst evaporation system plays an important role in this process, especially in the controlled supply of polymer precursors. The evaporation system contains a Liquid Delivery System (LDS) that can be applied for atmospheric or vacuum processes. The vapour generation system consists of a liquid mass flow controller, a gas mass flow controller - for the carrier gas - and a temperature-controlled mixing and evaporation device.
In this laboratory scale setup of a low-pressure (0.1 mbar) plasma polymerisation process, the liquid polymer precursor hexamethyldisiloxane (HMDSO) is evaporated and successively activated by the plasma with the aim to be polymerised and deposited onto the fiber surface as a hydrophobic coating. In order to obtain a stable and repeatable polymer precursor vapour flow, the liquid HMDSO flow as well as a carrier gas flow must be controlled accurately.
An evaporation system is used to evaporate the HMDSO. In this setup, liquid HMDSO is drawn from a container at room temperature and measured by a Coriolis mass flow meter. Then the liquid HMDSO is mixed with argon carrier gas from a thermal mass flow controller and vaporised inside a heat exchanger for controlled heating. The vapour flow is introduced into the plasma reaction chamber operated at 0.1 mbar absolute pressure. All controlled by a PLC system and visualised by LabView software.
HMDSO allows the deposition of polysiloxane coatings at low temperatures, which makes it feasible to coat textile fibres that cannot withstand high temperatures.
After a successful experimental setup and test the process has been upscaled from laboratory scale to industrial scale.
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In addition to the bubbler system, Bronkhorst developed a CEM-system, based on Controlled Evaporation and Mixing, which can be used for moist air applications.
Why generating vapour is easier, quicker and more accurate. By combining the accuracy and digital performance of modern mass flow metering and control technology, alongside temperature control, you can control the properties of vapour as never before.