Bronkhorst

Thermal Mass flow sensor for gases

Inline / Direct-through / CTA principle

 CTA is the abbreviation of Constant Temperature Anemometry, which is also named ‘direct through-flow measurement’ or ‘inline measurement’. Therefore, this principle has no bypass sensor. Amongst various flow measurement techniques the thermal mass flow measurement based on the CTA principle is used for both gases and liquids. Mass flow meters based on the CTA principle cover a wide range of measurement and control applications in almost every industry sector.

CTA/inline principle thermal mass flow meter

Thermal CTA/inline principle

Working principle of CTA (Constant Temperature Anemometry) principle, for gases

The Constant Temperature Anemometry - CTA - gas flow sensor consists of two stainless steel probes, the first being a heater and the second being a temperature sensor. A constant temperature difference (ΔT) is created between the probes.

Regardless of the actual flow rate CTA is aiming to keep this delta-T or temperature difference (ΔT) between both sensor pins at a constant level.

The flow rate and the heater energy required to maintain this constant ΔT are proportional and thus indicate the mass flow of the gas. The actual mass flow rate is calculated by measuring the variable power required to maintain this constant temperature difference as the gas flows across the sensor.

Compared to traditional thermal Mass Flow Meters and Mass Flow Controllers with bypass, the construction of the direct measuring CTA principle is less sensitive to humidity and contamination.

Selection of thermal Mass Flow Meters & Controllers using the inline/CTA principle for gases: