We offer the widest product range of low-flow mass flow meters on the market. Numerous styles of both standard and bespoke instruments can be offered for applications in laboratory, machinery, industry and hazardous areas.
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Bronkhorst instruments are used for numerous applications in many different markets. In this section you will find an overview of the main markets for our equipment, illustrated with some typical examples of applications.
Are you looking for technical documentation, are you interested to learn more about the measuring principles of Bronkhorst products, or you do want to get in contact with a Bronkhorst Service Engineer? This section will guide you to the relevant service & support topics.
Bronkhorst High-Tech BV the leaders in Mass Flow Meter / Mass Flow Controller technology for gases and liquids, Pressure Controllers and Evaporation Systems.
Air and liquid tightness of devices is of utmost importance. This is especially in the heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) sector, where exhaust pipes of central heating systems should not leak combustion gases. And also air ducts installed in buildings, transporting huge amounts of air, have to be airtight to some extent.
To comply with this directive, Bronkhorst has developed a leakage test method. First only for air ducts, later also for exhaust pipes of central heating systems, and also employed for a liquid-tight oil pumps in the automotive sector. This test can be applied to closed systems as well as open systems, temperatures and high pressures, to make the reaction steps as effective as possible and it is related to quality control: more and more ISO certifications require the documentation of quantitative leakage data.
The basic principle is simple: consider a ‘device under test’, which may be everything, ranging from a small hole to a volume of 10 liters. Apply a pressure by a pressure controller (PC) to that device, and measure any gas leakage using a mass flow meter (MFM). The use of the specific pressure controller and flow meter depends on the setting/measuring range.
A practical realisation of the measuring principle is as follows. Place the device under test (DUT) under a certain gas pressure as specified by the customer, as the leakage rate under that specific condition has to be known. Suppose this initial pressure is 5 bars, then we need to know what incoming flow is necessary to balance the outgoing leakage, in order to keep the pressure stable.
A pressure controller (PC) sets the pressure and the gas flow is measured by a thermal mass flow meter (MFM). Even a liquid-related application can be tested in this way by performing gas flow measurements. In the case of testing air ducts, the gas is pressurised air delivered by the customer’s compressor. Normal air can be used, from which water and oil have been removed prior to testing.
However, there are some catches. In order to eliminate the pressure drop over the mass flow meter, the pressure controller needs to be as close to the DUT as possible, so the pressure controller and its valve need to be separated physically. Furthermore, as normally several DUT’s are tested in succession, two shut-off valves have to be placed between the setting/measuring equipment and the DUT, to reduce testing time and to improve stability. Moreover, especially for cases with a very small leakage rate, a safe bypass has to be added to the setup in order to fill the DUT quickly. Using such a safe bypass avoids approving a defect product. The solutions to all these ‘catches’ are shown in the flow scheme.
Temperature stabilisation prior to conducting a measurement is essential. For example, due to gas expansion a temperature variation of 2 °C already results in a volume change of 0.7 %. Any leaks smaller that this volume change cannot be measured when the temperature fluctuates.